“A traveler without knowledge is a bird without wings” — the Persian poet; Sa’adi
Iran General Information
The Iranian Flag has thee equal width horizontal bands:
Green is the color of Islam and represents growth
White symbolizes honesty and peace
Red stands for bravery and martyrdom
In the white band, a stylized representation of the word Allah (God)is depicted in the shape of a tulip.
Iran: means ‘The land of Aryans’ is Known as Persia until 1935.
Neighbors: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Naxcivan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Turkey, Oman, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait are the neighbors of Iran.
Area: 1,648,195 sq. km (636,371 sq. miles).
Population (2014 est.): 82,140,713; life expectancy: 70.89
Population density: 48.4 per sq. km.
Capital and largest city: Tehran
Other large cities: Mashhad; Esfahan; Karaj; Tabriz; Shiraz.
Government: Islamic Republic since 1979 (Theocracy).
Head of state: Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khameneie since 1989.
Head of government: President Hassan Rouhani since 2013.
Legislature: Islamic Consultative Assembly
Unemployment rate: about 15%
National Slogan: Independence, Freedom, Islamic Republic
National Day: 11 February
Holidays: weekends (Thursday afternoon and Friday), religious holidays like Taasua and Ashura, and New Year.
Literacy rate: The adult literacy rated 93.0% in September 2015, 85.0% in 2008, 36.5% in 1976.
Electricity: 230 volts AC, 50Hz. plugs are of the round two-pin type.
Currency unit: The official currency of Iran is Rial but in the daily transactions Toman is being used. One Toman equals 10 Rials.
(Using foreign credit cards is not possible in Iran so you need to bring your cash in USD, EUR, or GBP. Exchange is done in Banks, Official Exchange Offices at the airport or in the cities. Better rates are offered by the exchange offices and the street exchangers).
Ethnic Groups: Persians (61%), followed by Azeri (16%), Kurd (10%), Lur (6%), Baloch (2%), Arab (2%), Turkmen and Turkic tribes (2%), and other (1%).
Religion: 89% Shia Muslims and 9% Sunni Muslims make up the 98% of the population, making Islam dominant religion.The rest of the population consists of people following Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, and the Baha’i.
Internet Domain: ir
International Tel code: 0098
Climate; different (arid, semiarid, subtropical, humid, hot, cold)
Economy: primarily based of oil, natural gas and also large enterprises, taxes, private trading and service ventures, petrochemical, textile, cement and other materials for building construction, food, derivatives (especially refining sugar and extracting edible oil), Tourism, Industry (mining and manufacturing) car-manufacture and transportation, construction materials, home appliances, food, armaments, pharmaceuticals, information technology, agricultural products like apricots, cherries, sour cherries, cucumbers and gherkins, dates, eggplants, figs, pistachios, quinces, walnuts, and watermelons, wheat, rice, grains, fruits, oily seeds such as pistachios, almond, walnut, cotton.
Exports: oil, natural gas, carpet, dry fruits and nuts (pistachios, raisins and dates), leather, caviar, petrochemical products, apparels and dresses, foodstuffs.
Imports: machineries, industrial metals, medicines, chemical derivatives.
Wild life: Persian leopard, and Asiatic cheetah, known as the Iranian cheetah (endangered species), gazelles, wild pigs, wolves, jackals, panthers, Eurasian lynx, and foxes. The domestic animals of Iran include sheep, goats, cattle, horses, water buffaloes, donkeys, and camels, pheasants, partridges, storks, eagles, and falcons, bears, ibex, wild ass, wild boars, reptiles like crocodiles and turtles. Some 200 varieties of fish and Sturgeon in Persian Gulf.
Sports: Football, Volleyball, Basketball, wrestling, Desert trekking, rock and mountain climbing, hiking, skiing, Swimming, polo.
Food: Traditional cuisine, International cuisine, Fast food and snacks.
Drinks: Black tea different kinds of coffee instant coffee variety of fruit juices, Doogh (butter milk), none alcoholic beer, and Soft drinks such as Coca-Cola and Pepsi.
Sweets and desserts: baghlava, noughat (gaz), Sohan, Lavāshak, fāloodeh.
Persian Gulf Islands: Kish, Qeshm, Abumusa, Farsi, Khark, Tonbe kuchak and Tonbe bozorg.
International Airports: Tehran Imam Khomeini (IKA) airport, Shiraz, Isfahan, Tabriz and Mashhad airports.
Emergency numbers: 110 Police, 115 Ambulances, 125 the Fire and Rescue team, 112 the relief and rescue organization (Iranian Red Crescent Society).